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8000吨大楼3天走了米平移时楼内正常办公
2020-01-08 01:31   来源:  www.weichemedia.cn   评论:0 点击:

8000吨大楼3天走了米平移时楼内正常办公总长米、宽米、高米、重达8000吨的济南鸿旺混凝土有限公司办公楼于2

  总长米、宽米、高米、重达8000吨的济南鸿旺混凝土有限公司办公楼于2019年12月30日10时15分顺利向东移动米,工程历时76小时。令人意外的是,5层办公楼中除了一楼层场地因施工被占用外,在平移过程中其余楼层的工作人员仍正常办公,未受影响。如此重量级的建筑物一天平均需要平移8米,是怎么做到保证移动速度稳且不晃、办公楼人员正常工作的呢?

The office building of Jinan Hongwang concrete Co., Ltd., with a total length of meters, wide meters, high meters and a weight of 8000 tons, moved to the east smoothly at 10.15 on December 30,2019, and the project lasted 76 hours. Unsurprisingly, the staff of the remaining floors in the five-story office building remained normal and unaffected during the translation process except for the first floor site being occupied as a result of construction. How does a building of this weight need to move an average of eight meters a day to ensure that the movement speed is stable and not wobbly, and the office building staff work properly?

  此次被平移的建筑物是济南鸿旺混凝土有限公司办公楼。据负责平移项目施工和现场操作的山东建固特种专业工程有限公司介绍,该办公楼为5层钢筋混凝土框架结构,面积为5386平方米,建筑物平面东西长度米,南北向宽度米,各层层高均为米,建筑物的重量达到8000余吨。

The translated building is the office building of Jinan Hongwang Concrete Co. Ltd. According to Shandong Jiangu Special Engineering Co., Ltd., which is responsible for the construction and site operation of the translation project, the office building is a five-story reinforced concrete frame structure with an area of 5386 square meters, a length of east-west plane of the building, a width of north-south meters, a height of each layer of meters, and a weight of more than 8000 tons of buildings.

  据了解,该建筑建于2015年,设计使用年限50年,为什么会在2019年需要拆除呢?负责项目设计与策划的山东建大工程鉴定加固研究院介绍,由于济南绕城高速公路二环线东环段即济南大东环经过该处,所以这栋办公楼需往东平移近25米,为高速公路让道,该工程也是山东省内首例因高速公路建设导致的楼层平移工程。

It is understood that the building was built in 2015 and has a design life of 50 years, why would it need to be demolished in 2019? The Shandong Construction Engineering Appraisal and Reinforcement Research Institute, which is responsible for the project design and planning, introduces that the office building needs to move nearly 25 meters to the east because of the east ring section of the second ring line of Jinan roundabout expressway, which is the first floor translation project in Shandong Province caused by the construction of expressway.

  之所以采取平移搬家而不是拆后重建的方式,则是多方因素考量下的最佳选择。山东建大工程鉴定加固研究院设计部主任夏风敏介绍,平移比拆后重建的成本节省了70%。不包括后期绿化、恢复的其他费用,单纯平移的费用是800万左右,而整体拆迁重建的费用会超过2000万。同时,拆除重建还会产生大量的建筑垃圾,造成环境污染。

The best way to move is to move rather than rebuild after demolition. Xia Fengmin, director of the design department of Shandong Jianda Engineering Appraisal and Reinforcement Research Institute, said the translation saved 70% of the cost of reconstruction after demolition. Excluding other costs of late greening, restoration, the cost of simple translation is about 8 million, and the cost of overall demolition and reconstruction will exceed 20 million. At the same time, demolition and reconstruction will also produce a lot of construction waste, resulting in environmental pollution.

  要在76小时内将一个庞然大物平移搬家,其背后的工作量远远不止几十个小时。据山东建固特种专业工程有限公司介绍,平移搬家是从去年12月27日7时起至12月30日10时止,而相关的准备工作从10月18日就开始了,整个工期历时74天。

The workload behind moving a behemoth within 76 hours is far more than a few dozen. According to Shandong Jiangu Specialized Engineering Co., Ltd., the translation move was from 7:00 on December 27 to 10:00 on December 30 last year, while the related preparations began on October 18, with a total duration of 74 days.

  山东建大工程鉴定加固研究院相关负责人介绍,整个平移的工作量包括前期的室内外土方开挖,室内上下轨道制作,室内上托梁、斜梁浇筑,室外下轨道、牛腿制作;平移施工,平移过程中的健康检测;后期楼房到位后的基础连接处理、楼房内外管线、卫生间等配套设施的恢复施工。办公楼平移是先将其放在托架上,在平移的轨道上设有滚轴作轮子使用。当所有基础打好后,便将建筑物与地基截断。至此,办公楼的所有重量由轮子承担,大楼仿佛一个可移动的车体,而千斤顶提供大楼水平移动的动力。

The workload of the whole translation includes the excavation of indoor and outdoor earth, the production of indoor upper and lower tracks, the construction of indoor supporting beams, inclined beams, the production of outdoor lower tracks and corbels, the construction of translation, the health inspection in the process of translation, the foundation connection treatment after the later stage of the building is in place, the restoration of the building's internal and external pipelines, toilet and other supporting facilities. The translation of the office building is first placed on the bracket and a roller is arranged on the translation track for use on wheels. When all foundations are laid, the building and the foundation are cut off. At this point, all the weight of the office building is borne by the wheel, the building is like a movable car body, and the jack provides the power for the building to move horizontally.

  夏风敏告诉北青报记者,项目整体设计和施工的难点不少。前期的主要困难是托架施工的工作范围狭窄,以及对平移轨道的平整度要求很高,不能超过两毫米。在施工中,由于办公楼可施工的区域不能铺开,施工方只能在底层室内的狭小空间里工作,必须抛弃高效率的大型设备,采用手持式的小型机械,小批量的、一点点的施工。而在后期平移中,需要保证大楼移动速度稳以及整体结构不散。

Xia Fengmin told Beiqing News that the overall project design and construction of many difficulties. The main difficulty in the early stage is that the working range of the bracket construction is narrow, and the flatness of the translational track is very high and cannot exceed two mm. In the construction, because the area of office building cannot be spread out, the construction side can only work in the narrow space of the bottom floor indoor, must abandon the high efficiency large equipment, use the hand-held small machinery, small batch, a little bit of construction. In the later translation, it is necessary to ensure that the moving speed of the building is stable and the overall structure is not scattered.

  在整个平移过程中,最让办公楼里工作的人们意想不到的是,整个平移工程进行中,大家还能正常地在办公楼里上班。

During the whole translation process, the most surprising thing for the people working in the office building is that the whole translation project is still going to be able to work in the office building normally.

  济南鸿旺混凝土有限公司负责人沈先生介绍,由于大楼平移的速度非常慢,除了每天出入时能感觉到大门位置不同外,在其中办公感觉不到楼体在移动。只是在施工时原有的出入口无法出入,施工方会给我们搭建临时的走道。

Jinan hongwang concrete co., ltd. director mr. shen introduced, because the building translation speed is very slow, in addition to every day when entering and leaving can feel the gate position is different, in which the office cannot feel the building body is moving. Only in the construction of the original entrance and exit cannot access, the construction side will give us a temporary walkway.

  夏风敏告诉北青报记者,之所以办公不受影响,一方面是因为办公楼在平移过程中速度很缓慢,平均每分钟移动的距离约为厘米。移动速度像蜗牛一样,所以对办公楼人员正常办公不会造成很大影响。

Xia Fengmin told Beiqing newspaper that the reason why office is not affected is on the one hand because the office building is very slow in the process of translation, the average distance of movement per minute is about centimeters. The speed of movement is like a snail, so it will not have a great impact on the normal work of the office building staff.

  而另一方面,在整个工程中,项目施工团队采用了PLC全过程控制系统来保证平移过程的稳。夏风敏介绍,PLC全过程控制系统又称为可编程逻辑控制器,是一种数字运算操作的电子系统,通过数字或模拟输入或输出来控制各种类型的机械运作。它的主要功能是将工业计算机与千斤顶相连接,从而自动地控制千斤顶的推力及其位移,以保证千斤顶的正常使用以及移动速度稳且不晃。

On the other hand, in the whole project, the project construction team adopted the PLC whole process control system to ensure the stability of the translation process. Xia Fengmin introduced that the PLC whole process control system, also known as programmable logic controller, is an electronic system for digital operation operation, which controls various types of mechanical operation through digital or analog input or output. Its main function is to connect the industrial computer with the Jack, thus automatically control the thrust and its displacement of the Jack to ensure the normal use of the Jack and the steady and steady movement speed.


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